History and Cultural Studies: Primary vs sources that are secondary

History and Cultural Studies: Primary vs sources that are secondary

Main sources

A source that is primary a document or record which contains first-hand information or initial data on a subject. Main sources tend to be developed at the time of a meeting, but could additionally be recorded at a time that is latere.g. memoirs or interviews). Main sources offer insights into just exactly how individuals see their globe at a particular time.

It is essential to assess sources that are primary precision, authenticity, bias and effectiveness.


  • Sound tracks
  • Artworks
  • Court public records
  • Diaries
  • Drawings
  • Film footage
  • Federal Government papers
  • Interviews
  • Newsprint clippings
  • Original manuscripts
  • Photographs
  • Poetry
  • Posters
  • Songs and sheet music
  • Speeches

Understand that main sources tend to be reproduced in guide format – but that they’re nevertheless regarded as a main supply.

Supply: Reitz, JM 2004, on the web dictionary for library and information science, Libraries Unlimited, Westport, Conn.

They are a couple of samples of main sources through the colletion. There are lots of more!

Access text that is full by selecting these links:

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Can a source be both secondary and primary?

The usage of a supply in its correct context is really what determines its designation being a main or additional source.

Periodically a supply or document may serve as a second source for just one topic so that as a main supply for the next subject that is altogether different.

As an example: Niccolo Machiavelli’s The Prince, posted in 1513, is definitely an crucial additional supply for just about any research of this different Renaissance princes in the Medici household; however the exact same guide can be a main supply when it comes to governmental idea that had been characteristic for the sixteenth century since it reflects the attitudes of the person surviving in the 1500s.

Supply: Craver, KW 1999, utilizing Web main Sources to Teach Critical Thinking Skills of all time, Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated, Westport.

Additional sources

Any posted or unpublished work that is one action taken from the initial supply (or occasion under review). a source that is secondary defines, summarises, analyses, evaluates, interprets or reviews main supply materials.

Keep in mind that authors of secondary sources can use source that is primary to persuade readers to guide their arguments about a meeting and its own meaning.


  • Biographical or historic studies
  • Critical analyses
  • Dictionaries
  • Documentaries
  • Encyclopaedias
  • Journal articles
  • Reviews
  • 2nd individual account
  • Textbooks

Supply: Reitz, JM 2004, on line dictionary for library and information technology, Libraries Unlimited, Westport, Conn.

They are a few types of additional sources through the colletion. There are lots of more asian wife!

Access full text on line by selecting these links:

Tertiary sources

A work that is written based totally on additional sources, as opposed to on initial research involving main papers. Whether a supply is additional or tertiary may be dependant on examining the bibliography ( if a person is provided). Another clue is the fact that additional sources have been published by specialists, but sources that are tertiary be authored by staff article writers that have a pastime when you look at the subject but they are maybe perhaps perhaps not scholars about them.


  • Chapter in a textbook
  • Entry in a guide guide

Supply: Reitz, JM 2004, on the web dictionary for information and library technology, Libraries Unlimited, Westport, Conn.

Assessing sources

It is vital to assess main, secondary and sources that are tertiary precision, bias and effectiveness. All works must certanly be seen through the eyes of this creator.

Thinking about the after concerns may help figure out the authenticity regarding the supply, along with any present that is bias

  • Whom created the supply? How can the details are known by them such as for instance names, times and times? Were they provide during the occasion? Could be the given information predicated on individual experience, reports compiled by other people, or information?
  • exactly just How accurate is the foundation in comparison to others (first-hand and second-hand records)?
  • Just just How trustworthy may be the supply? Has it been modified? just How and just why achieved it endure?
  • Why so when had been the foundation produced? Why ended up being it later published? Had been it ever designed for book?
  • What’s the bias within the supply? All papers are biased to some degree. Could be the bias accidental or purposeful?
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